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# Posts

### October 06, 2015

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PLOS One has retracted one of two cancer papers with “substantial overlap” that were reviewed simultaneously by different editors. This one’s a bit of a mystery — neither of the papers share an author, and no authors share institutions. Once the editors discovered the overlap, they contacted the authors. One group of authors provided the requested […] The post Mystery: PLOS One seeks investigation after publishing two papers with “substantial overlap” […]
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To one reader of a paper on a nerve cancer, the researchers, based at a hospital in China, seemed to have found a very large number of cases of a rare cancer to study. That observation triggered an investigation into the paper that led to its retraction — and the concern that the authors in the paper never did […] The post There’s “no evidence” research was conducted at all in retracted cancer paper appeared first on Retraction Watch.
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The National Ombudsman of The Netherlands has criticized some aspects of an investigation by Utrecht University that found a researcher had committed “a violation of academic integrity.” Specifically, the Ombudsman found the investigation — which we covered last year — did not adequately involve the affected researcher, Pankaj Dhonukshe, and therefore violated rules of “fair play.” Dhonukshe […] The post Dutch investigation of researcher violated rules of […]

### October 05, 2015

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A sixth paper co-authored by plant researcher Olivier Voinnet has been retracted by PLOS Pathogens “following an investigation into concerns.” The investigation found “several band duplications” in one figure provided by fifth author, Patrice Dunoyer, who took it from “the Master thesis of a former student working under his supervision, without the prior consultation or consent […] The post Investigation ends in 6th retraction for Voinnet appeared first on Retraction […]
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A paper on schistosomiasis, a tropical disease spread by parasitic worms that live in freshwater snails, has been pulled because of an “irresolvable authorship dispute.” Microbiology Australia published the retraction earlier this month in an agreement with the editors and the authors. Unfortunately, the notice doesn’t provide many details and that’s pretty much all we know. […] The post “Irresolvable authorship dispute” leads to retraction of tropical disease paper […]
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Try googling 'mathematical gem'. I just got 465,000 results. Quite a lot. Indeed, the metaphor of mathematical ideas as precious little gems is an old one, and it is well known to anyone with a zest for mathematics. A diamond is a little, fully transparent structure all of whose parts can be observed with awe from any angle. The post Diamonds are forever, and so are mathematical truths? appeared first on OUPblog.         Related StoriesWill we ever […]

### October 04, 2015

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Here is another excellent review, this time from David Goss.  In his review of a paper by Pink and Schieder, Goss gives not just a good description of what’s in the paper, but also tells us about where the results come … Continue reading →
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There were so many items to choose from this week for Weekend Reads — probably because it was Peer Review Week — that we decided to split them into two posts. Here’s part 2: If Volkswagen can be criminally charged, why can’t scientists who commit fraud? asks Richard Smith, a member of the board of […] The post Weekend reads, part 2: Criminalizing scientific fraud; Nobel Prize folly; boosting impact factor appeared first on Retraction Watch.

### October 03, 2015

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The week at Retraction Watch featured yet another case of fake peer review, and a court sentence for a Danish researcher found to have committed fraud. Here’s what was happening elsewhere (stay tuned for part 2 tomorrow): “I suggest that many authors do not respond simply because they fail to see any real value in […] The post Weekend reads, part 1: Editor slams PubPeer; scientific fraud pays off appeared first on Retraction Watch.

### October 02, 2015

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Three authors have been banned from journals published by IGM Publication, including the Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research. The ban — a relatively infrequent occurrence in publishing — comes after the publisher removed a 2014 article that seems to have merely changed the title and authors of a 2013 article  from another journal. When […] The post Publisher bans authors for apparent plagiarism appeared first on Retraction Watch.
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All but one of the authors of a study about the immune response to H. pylori have agreed to a retraction in The Journal of Immunology, due to two of the paper’s figures not being “faithfully represented.” Authors of the 2006 paper said they were unable to provide the original unedited scans “due to inadequate archiving dating back almost […] The post Author objects to retraction for not “faithfully represented” immunology figures appeared first on Retraction Watch.

### October 01, 2015

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A correction to a 2011 paper doesn’t change its main conclusion: Hearing song lyrics about violence — “let the bodies hit the floor,” for example — can prompt aggressive behavior, even more so than violent imagery in music videos. The correction follows an investigation by Macquarie University that found errors in data analysis to be an “honest […] The post Violent songs can lead to spicy food, and other lessons we learned from corrected graphic […]
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A paper on nematode parasites appears to have been infected with a nasty strain of a publishing problem known as fake peer review. By our count, the phenomenon has felled approximately 250 papers in total. The affected review, “The important role of matrix metalloproteinases in nematode parasites,” explores a type of enzyme secreted by the parasite. Published […] The post “Rigging of the peer-review process” kills parasite paper appeared first on Retraction Watch.
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In a rare development, neuroscientist Milena Penkowa has been sentenced by a Danish court for faking data. The ruling, from the Copenhagen City Court, resulted from Penkowa’s publication of her 2003 thesis describing experiments that she never carried out. The court “placed weight” on the fact that she didn’t just commit fraud, but “systematically supplied false information” to avoid […] The post Danish neuroscientist sentenced by court for lying […]
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The number of so-called “predatory” open-access journals that allegedly sidestep publishing standards in order to make money off of article processing charges has dramatically expanded in recent years, and three-quarters of authors are based in either Asia or Africa, according to a new analysis from BMC Medicine. The number of articles published by predatory journals spiked […] The post Predatory journals published 400,000 papers in 2014: Report appeared first on Retraction […]

### September 30, 2015

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Wikipedia requires references for statements made in their entries.  If you say something and don’t support it with a citation, it will be flagged.  So you can usually count on a Wikipedia page to have ample references at the end. … Continue reading →
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A scientist who uses imaging to study the eye and brain has lost a major grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health. In June, the NIH revised the award for Timothy Duong at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio from $332,500 per year to$0, and included this statement: This […] The post NIH rescinds grant to Texas eye researcher appeared first on Retraction Watch.
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An investigation at Karolinska Institute has led to the retraction of a paper about drug treatments for alcoholics, after concluding the article contains a “very careless data workup.” The paper, “Memantine enhances the inhibitory effects of naltrexone on ethanol consumption,” found that the drug memantine (normally used to treat Alzheimer’s) enhances the effects of naltrexone in rats, which blocks the […] The post Investigation finds “careless […]
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Pazza idea di un pi greco razionale...Tutto inizia da un articolo su Stabroek News dove si annuncia che una matematica della Guyana, Lorna A. Willis, ha risolto alcuni dei problemi più noti della matematica greca, come per esempio la quadratura del cerchio (cui ho dedicato uno spazio nella terza parte della storia di $\pi$), utilizzando strumenti semplici come quelli che possedevano tali matematici.Al di là delle dimostrazioni più o meno complicate sull'impossibilità di quadrare il cerchio […]

### September 29, 2015

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After reviewing hundreds of peer review reports from three journals, authors representing publishers BioMed Central and Springer suggest there may be some benefits to using “open” peer review — where both authors and reviewers reveal their identity — and not relying on reviewers hand-picked by the authors themselves. But the conclusions are nuanced — they found […] The post Should peer review be open, and rely less on author-picked reviewers? Study […]
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The BMJ has issued two “clarifications” to an investigation it published last week that questioned whether the new U.S. dietary guidelines were evidence-based. The article criticized several aspects of the new dietary guidelines, such as “deleting meat from the list of foods recommended as part of its healthy diets.” However, according to the clarification, that sentence should have specified “lean” […] The post Following criticism, BMJ […]
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The head of a department at WHU — Otto Beisheim School of Management has been charged with “severe scientific misconduct” for not spotting many of the data irregularities of his co-author Ulrich Lichtenthaler, which have ultimately led to 16 retractions. According to a news release describing a WHU investigation (which we had translated using One Hour Translation), […] The post German dep’t head reprimanded for not catching mistakes of co-author Lichtenthaler […]
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A volte i figli sono anche pezzi di matematicaPrendiamo un noto dilemma matematico, il problema di Monty Hall nella formulazione data da Craig F. Whitaker nel 1990 in una lettera indirizzata alla rivista Parade per la rubrica di Marilyn vos Savant(1): Supponi di partecipare a un gioco a premi, in cui puoi scegliere fra tre porte: dietro una di esse c'è un'automobile, dietro le altre, capre. Scegli una porta, diciamo la numero 1, e il conduttore del gioco a premi, che sa cosa si nasconde dietro […]

### September 28, 2015

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A paper on an equation useful in finance has been retracted after editors discovered an “identical” version had been published in another journal. The paper, “On the Parametric Interest of the Black-Scholes Equation,” was published in the Thai Journal of Mathematics. According to the introduction, that equation has a practical use: In financial mathematics, the famous […] The post 1+1 “identical” math papers = retraction appeared first on Retraction […]
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The last of four papers containing data falsified by University of Oregon neuroscience student David Anderson has been retracted. When the Office of Research Integrity report flagging the papers came out in July, Anderson told us he “made an error in judgment,” and took “full responsibility” for the misconduct. The newly retracted paper, “A common discrete resource for visual working memory and visual search,” […] The post 4th ORI-flagged paper […]

### September 26, 2015

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The week at Retraction Watch featured the appeal of a modern-day retraction, and a look at whether a retraction by a Nobel Prize winner should be retracted 50 years later. Here’s what was happening elsewhere: Is the case finally closed on the STAP stem cell scandal? Paul Knoepfler takes a look at two new Nature papers […] The post Weekend reads: STAP saga over once and for all?; plagiarizing prof gets tenure appeared first on Retraction Watch.
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C'è chi in carcere passa il tempo a scrivere delle "Mie prigioni", e chi invece scrive un libro sull'ottica. Qualcuno come Alhazen, per esempio.Abū 'Alī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, o seplicemente ibn al-Haytham, latinizzato in Alhazen è stato un matematico arabo, ritenuto il primo dei fisici teorici, oltre ad aver sviluppato il metodo scientifico con circa trecento anni d'anticipo rispetto agli scienziati del rinascimento e anche più rispetto a coloro che lo formalizzarono in […]

### September 25, 2015

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It’s not often that an article is retracted only to be later proven correct. But that may have happened this past summer in the chemistry literature. In July, a group of researchers recapitulated an experiment largely similar to one that Nobelist Georg Wittig had performed – and subsequently retracted — decades earlier. Their findings suggest Wittig […] The post 50 years later, is it time to retract a retraction by a Nobel prize-winning author? appeared first on Retraction […]
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A 2010 paper on plant fungus has been retracted after a comment on PubPeer revealed that a study image had been flipped over and reused to represent two different treatments. In May, a commenter pointed out the plants in Figure 2a of the paper in the journal Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions “look remarkably similar.” A commenter writing under […] The post Mirror image in plant study flagged on PubPeer grows into retraction appeared first on Retraction Watch.

### September 24, 2015

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Plant researcher Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva has been banned from submitting papers to any journals published by Taylor & Francis. The reason: “continuing challenges” to their procedures and the use of “inflammatory language.” This is the second time Teixeira da Silva has been banned by a publisher —  last year Elsevier journal Scientia Horticulturae told him that […] The post Biologist banned by second publisher appeared first on Retraction Watch.