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12:21 AM | Reanimating the living world

Each year, Edge.org asks contributors to respond to their annual question. In 2014, the question was: What scientific idea is ready for retirement? There were 174 interesting responses, but one that got my attention was written by Scott Sampson (author, Dinosaur Odyssey: Fossil Threads in the Web of Life). The idea that Sampson would like [...]

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Diederik Stapel’s book, “Ontsporing” has been translated into English, with some modifications. From what I’ve read, it’s interesting in a bizarre, fraudster-porn sort of way. Faking Science: A true story of academic fraud Diederik Stapel Translated by Nicholas J.L. Brown Nicholas J. L. Brown (nick.brown@free.fr) Strasbourg, France December 14, 2014 Foreword to the Dutch edition […]

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8:00 PM | Friday Potpourri

This week's grab-bag (and I will either have NO weekly potpourri next week, or else it will appear on Sunday, rather than on Friday, the day after Christmas):
1) Recent New Zealand interview with Marcus du Sautoy here:
http://www.radionz.co.nz/national/programmes/saturday/audio/20160965/marcus-du-sautoy-maths-and-art
...related Sautoy article here:
http://www.odt.co.nz/lifestyle/magazine/

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The organisers are delighted to announce a provisional programme and call for registration for the upcoming Symposium in the Foundations of Mathematics, to be held at the Institute of Philosophy in London on 12-13th January 2015. There will be an additional (free) affiliated talk by Benedict Eastaugh at the Institute on the 14th January.Sponsors: The Institute of Philosophy, Mind Association, British Logic Colloquium, Aristotelian Society, British Society for the Philosophy of Science, and […]

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5:56 AM | Staley

9.4 Error-statistical philosophy of science and severe testing Deborah Mayo has developed an alternative approach to the interpretation of frequentist statistical inference (Mayo 1996). But the idea at the heart of Mayo’s approach is one that can be stated without invoking probability at all. …. Mayo takes the following “minimal scientific principle for evidence” to […]

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CALL FOR PAPERSWorkshop on Epistemic Justification: JustGroningen 2015August 23 to 25, 2015Faculty of Philosophy, University of Groningen, NetherlandsInvited speakers:Clayton Littlejohn (King's College London)Erik Olsson (Lund)Duncan Pritchard (Edinburgh)William Roche (Texas)Katie Steele (LSE)Sylvia Wenmackers (Leuven)We welcome submissions on all aspects of epistemic justification, and especially encourage contributions which aim to connect formal and traditional perspectives. All sessions are […]

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New in the Review of Symbolic Logic (part 1, part 2)
A Gödel sentence is often described as a sentence saying about itself that it is not provable, and a Henkin sentence as a sentence stating its own provability. We discuss what it could mean for a sentence of arithmetic to ascribe to itself a property such as provability or unprovability. The starting point will be the answer Kreisel gave to Henkin’s problem. We describe how the properties of the supposedly self-referential sentences
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5:15 PM | S. Stanley Young: Are there mortality co-benefits to the Clean Power Plan? It depends. (Guest Post)

S. Stanley Young, PhD Assistant Director Bioinformatics National Institute of Statistical Sciences Research Triangle Park, NC Are there mortality co-benefits to the Clean Power Plan? It depends. Some years ago, I listened to a series of lectures on finance. The professor would ask a rhetorical question, pause to give you some time to think, […]

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[View the story "Michael Beaney's Vienna Circle Lecture on Susan Stebbing" on Storify]

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12:51 PM | More on Shatunovsky, Kagan, and Yanovskaya

In response to my post about "lesser known Russian/Soviet logicians", Lev Beklemishev commented:
Dirk van Dalen was interested in Shatunovsky's work and at his request I procured a copy of his book on the development of algebra on the basis of what can be called rudimentary constructivist ideas. This was, of course, pre-Brouwerian, and the ideas o f Shatunovsky were perhaps more in line with Kroneker's. In any case, this was interesting to see, but it never came to a publication on it with
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6:00 PM | Big Helping of Potpourri

The good and diverse mathy stuff just keeps on comin'... ICYM any of these:
1) First, this wonderful, ranging interview with fascinating polymath Eric Weinstein ought not be missed:
http://tinyurl.com/q4mt2c7
2) Interesting interview with Caltech's Xinwen Zhu (former student of Edward Frenkel), who works on the Langlands program:
http://www.caltech.edu/news/

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1. What does it mean for a debate to be “media driven” or a battle to be “lost by the media”? In my last post, I noted that until a few weeks ago, I’d never heard of a “power morcellator.” Nor had I heard of the AAGL–The American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists. In an article “Battle over […]

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Causal and Probabilistic Reasoning18-20 June, 2015Idea and Motivation2015 marks the 15th anniversary of the publications of Judea Pearl’s Causality and the second edition of Peter Spirtes, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines’ Causality, Prediction, and Search, which together are the foundations for the mathematical theory of causal modeling. During this period, the theory of causal Bayesian networks has been applied to a variety of topics in the special sciences, including
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I'm working on a paper that features Moses Schönfinkel, so I was reading through a manuscript of his where he rattles off a long list of important logicians. In addition to the usual suspects, it features the names "Schatunowski, Sleschinski, Kahan, Poretski." I spent the better part of a day trying to figure out to whom he was referring:
Samuil Osipovich Shatunovsky (1859-1929) was a mathematician working in Odessa who, so Wikipedia, "independently from Hilbert, he developed a similar
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3:00 PM | ☝ What Ariadne Said To Theseus ☟

☞ You have to understand, the Minotaur is not clueless — it just has a different goal than getting out of the maze. ☜

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More from the book scene....
I briefly mentioned Matt Parker's new book (sight unseen), "Things to Make and Do in the Fourth Dimension," in my recommendations for the Holidays, based on reviews I'd seen, but am now reading it myself and can give an even more enthusiastic thumbs-up! It's a joyful read (unless you despise puns, in which case stay far, far away!! ;-)). It's really the only "

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Conference Epistemic Consequentialism: Problems and Prospects25-26 June 2015 • University of Kent, CanterburyKeynote SpeakersJulia Driver (WUSTL)James Joyce (Michigan)Ralph Wedgwood (USC)Jon Williamson (Kent)Call for PapersContributors are invited to submit extended abstracts (no more than one page) on the topic of consequentialist or teleological approaches to epistemology. Papers in both formal and traditional epistemology are welcome.Submission deadline: 31 January 2015Submit abstract in
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3:00 PM | Notes on Category Theory, instalment #2

After a bit of a gap, I’ve been able to get back to writing up my notes. The current instalment of the notes (61 pp.) corrects some typos in the first six chapters — and it is those needed corrections … Continue reading →

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2:29 PM | Graduate Programs in Philosophical Logic

Shawn Standefer has done us all a great service by starting and populating a Wiki of PhD programs in Philosophical Logic!
This wiki provides an unranked list of PhD (and (eventually) terminal M.A.) programs that have strengths in philosophical logic. Links are provided to the websites, CVs, and PhilPapers profiles of the relevant faculty at each program. Additionally, when known, the specialities and willingness of faculty members to work with new graduate students are noted. The primary
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Until a few weeks ago, I’d never even heard of a “power morcellator.” Nor was I aware of the controversy that has pitted defenders of a woman’s right to choose a minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure in removing fibroids—enabled by the power morcellator–and those who decry the danger it poses in spreading an undetected uterine cancer throughout a […]

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6:06 PM | One person's modus ponens...

...is another's modus tollens.
[W]hen I was nine years old, I came down with scarlet fever. [...] During that year there was nothing in the world which I wanted so much as a bicycle. My father assured me that when I got well I would get one but, childlike, I interpreted this as meaning that I was not going to get well.
Julia Robinson, in: Constance Reid, The Autobiography of Julia Robinson. The College Mathematics Journal, Vol. 17, No. 1, (1986), pp. 3-21

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4:25 PM | Adolf Lindenbaum

Jan Zygmunt and Robert Purdy have a paper ("Adolf Lindenbaum: Notes on his Life, with Bibliography and Selected References", open access) in the latest issue of Logica Universalis detailing what little is known about the life of Adolf Lindenbaum (1904-1941). It includes a complete bibliography of Lindenbaum's own publications and public lectures, as well as a bibliography of articles in which results are credited to Lindenbaum. Another paper on Lindenbaum's mathematical contributions is in
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4:45 PM | First Potpourri of December

Dig in....
1) For the puzzle-minded, John Allen Paulos wrote up this clever one last weekend:
http://tinyurl.com/kungkts
2) Evelyn Lamb experiences "existential angst" over music and integers... and that's a fascinating thing for the rest of us (but what would Sartre think? ;-):
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/roots-of-unity/2014/11/30/the-saddest-thing-i-know-about-the-integers/
3)

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Below are the slides from my Rutgers seminar for the Department of Statistics and Biostatistics yesterday, since some people have been asking me for them. The abstract is here. I don’t know how explanatory a bare outline like this can be, but I’d be glad to try and answer questions[i]. I am impressed at how interested in foundational matters I […]

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After a very successful event last year, the Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy is hosting the second Summer School on Mathematical Philosophy for Female Students.The Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (MCMP) is organizing the second Summer School on Mathematical Philosophy for Female Students, which will be held from July 26 to August 1, 2015 in Munich, Germany. The summer school is open to excellent female students who want to specialize in mathematical philosophy.Since
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9:01 AM | Summer School in Logic 2015 - Helsinki

The Scandinavian Logic Society is very pleased to announce the next summer school in logic, taking place July 27-31 in Helsinki this summer of 2015. Notice that the school takes place exactly the week before both the ASL European Summer Meeting and the LMPS, both of which are being held in Helsinki the week starting August 3rd.http://www.helsinki.fi/sls2015/index.htmlCourse are offered by a very distinguished group of lecturers:Samson Abramsky (Oxford)Jeremy Avigad (Carnegie Mellon)Laura […]

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I’ll be talking about philosophy of statistics tomorrow afternoon at Rutgers University, in the Statistics and Biostatistics Department, if you happen to be in the vicinity and are interested. RUTGERS UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS AND BIOSTATISTICS www.stat.rutgers.edu Seminar θSpeaker: Professor Deborah Mayo, Virginia Tech Title: Probing with Severity: Beyond […]

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2:56 PM | Kennedy's Interpreting Gödel Out Now

Interpreting Gödel: Critical Essays, edited by Juliette Kennedy, was just published by Cambridge. It looks extremely interesting, with an all-star cast of contributors:
1. Introduction: Gödel and analytic philosophy: how did we get here? Juliette KennedyPart I. Gödel on Intuition:2. Intuitions of three kinds in Gödel's views on the continuum, John Burgess 3. Gödel on how to have your mathematics and know it too, Janet FolinaPart II. The Completeness Theorem:4. Completeness and the ends of
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3:00 PM | Logic books of the year?

It is the time of year when the more serious newspapers invite panels of authors, reviews editors, and others to pick out their books of the year, leaving the rest of us to feel hopelessly out of touch and wondering how to find … Continue reading →

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12:15 PM | Wrapping Up Books...

Holiday suggestions....
I didn't believe 2014 could be as banner-a-year for popular math books as 2013 was, and, I don't believe it has been... but, still a dang good year!
Back in June, I predicted Jordan Ellenberg's "How Not To Be Wrong" would end up as my favorite book of the year, and that's proven true, though with a bit of semi-stretching (I'll get to later) it has a strong

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Stupiti che 1 non sia primo? Scopriamo insieme perché è "solo" l'unità!Abbiamo già visto come, partendo dai numeri primi, si possa sviluppare un discorso più o meno approfondito sulle fondamenta matematiche. Altrettanto fondamentale, però, si rivela provare a rispondere alla domanda su quale sia il numero primo più piccolo. E', infatti, abbastanza noto come il numero 1 sia stato ora inserito ora escluso dalla lista dei numeri primi, ottenendo in alcuni casi lo status di più piccolo tra […]

Agargun A.G. & Fletcher C.R. (1997). The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic Dissected, The Mathematical Gazette, 81 (490) 53-57. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3618768

Crandall R. & Pomerance C.B. (2005). Primes!, Prime Numbers, Prime numbers: a computational perspective 1-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-387-28979-8_1

Caldwell C.K. & Xiong Y. (2012). What is the smallest prime?, Journal of Integer Sequences, 15 arXiv: 1209.2007v2

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Winifred Edgerton Merrill fu la prima americana ad ottenere un dottorato in matematica presso la Columbia University nel 1886. Nella sua tesi sviluppò una rappresentazione geometrica degli infinitesimi in diversi sistemi di coordinate, utilizzando lo jacobiano per per derivare le trasformazioni tra gli integrali nei diversi sistemi.Tra matematica e astronomiaNata a Ripon, nel Wisconsin, il 24 settembre del 1862 da Emmet e Clara Edgerton, si trasferisce con la famiglia a New York intorno al […]

Kelly S.E. & Rozner S.A. (2012). Winifred Edgerton Merrill: "She Opened the Door", Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 59 (04) 504-512. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/noti818

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Winifred Edgerton Merrill fu la prima americana ad ottenere un dottorato in matematica presso la Columbia University nel 1886. Nella sua tesi sviluppò una rappresentazione geometrica degli infinitesimi in diversi sistemi di coordinate, utilizzando lo jacobiano per per derivare le trasformazioni tra gli integrali nei diversi sistemi.Tra matematica e astronomiaNata a Ripon, nel Wisconsin, il 24 settembre del 1862 da Emmet e Clara Edgerton, si trasferisce con la famiglia a New York intorno al […]

Kelly S.E. & Rozner S.A. (2012). Winifred Edgerton Merrill: "She Opened the Door", Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 59 (04) 504-512. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/noti818

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Direi che oggi pomeriggio è stato un bel respirare, al Palazzo Brera. Cristina Lazzeroni dell'Università di Birmingham è venuta alle 18 (come avevo scritto nel post precedente) per raccontare del bosone di Higgs, del modello standard e di materia e antimateria. E' una sperimentale presso l'esperimento LHCb al CERN, l'esperimento dedicato proprio alla ricerca su uno dei grandi misteri dell'universo: perché in esso c'è un eccesso di materia (e d'altra parte se non fosse così, non ci sarebbe […]

Aaij R., B. Adeva, M. Adinolfi, C. Adrover, A. Affolder, Z. Ajaltouni, J. Albrecht, F. Alessio, M. Alexander & S. Ali & (2013). First Observation of CP Violation in the Decays of B_{s}^{0} Mesons, Physical Review Letters, 110 (22) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.110.221601

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Per i I cieli di Brera, il 24 settembre (domani... scusate per il ritardo nell'annuncio...) alle 18 presso la Sala delle Adunanze dell'Istituto Lombardo nel Palazzo Brera sito in via Brera 28 (Milano), si terrà la conferenza La fisica delle particelle e il Large Hadron Collider: recenti sviluppi e questioni aperte: Cristina Lazzeroni ci introdurrà alla fisica delle particelle e agli studi fatti al Large Hadron Collider del Cern di Ginevra mettendo l’accento su recenti sviluppi come la
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Aad G., J. Abdallah, S. Abdel Khalek, O. Abdinov, R. Aben, B. Abi, S. H. Abidi, M. Abolins, O. S. AbouZeid & H. Abramowicz & (2014). Measurement of the Higgs boson mass from the $H\to \gamma \gamma $ and $H\to Z{Z}^{*}\to 4\ell $ channels in $pp$ collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector, Physical Review D, 90 (5) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.90.052004

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MindAfterMath tweeted: @MindAfterMath

2014-12-22 19:09:25

rmathematicus tweeted: @rmathematicus

“@JAndrewKlein: Decoding alchemy: Freshman seminar offers recipe for new perspectives http://t.co/8ifiZcAiyq via @Princeton”

2014-12-22 19:03:52

rmathematicus tweeted: @rmathematicus

RT @FlyingTrilobite: Neglecting to attribute images leads to spewing pic-spam, joining ranks of @IFLScience @EarthPix @HistoryInPics & we d…

2014-12-22 19:00:59

gaussianos tweeted: @gaussianos

Posible descubrimiento del primo de Mersenne número 46 - #AntologíaGaussiana http://t.co/njfwBzx3vy

2014-12-22 18:59:58

rmathematicus tweeted: @rmathematicus

“@ptak: A little version of the big giant head. http://t.co/zajwrcuy5h http://t.co/iGl9AQKJe7”

2014-12-22 18:49:29

rmathematicus tweeted: @rmathematicus

“@philoquotes: « A wise man proportions his belief to the evidence. » David Hume http://t.co/ORntmMpH0p”

2014-12-22 18:46:23

2014-12-22 18:45:23

MindAfterMath tweeted: @MindAfterMath

RT @umterps: BBall: Layman Named Co-Big Ten Player of the Week: Maryland junior forward Jake Layman earned co-Big Ten Playe... http://t.co/…

2014-12-22 18:40:11

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